Gloucester has a great history that is not often mentioned, some of it good, some of it bad like most towns, but all of it very interesting. Family feuds, inhabitants sparring for positions and farmers disputing land ownership etc. Maybe that was the cause of the following incident.
Things can get very heated in meeting rooms in Gloucester, during a meeting in 1223 things got a little “warm” a candle stick was knocked over and a fire broke out, the fire destroyed large parts of the town, simply because many of the houses were made from wood with thatched roofing. As a result of the fire and the extensive damage all new buildings were prohibited from having roofs of thatch. Gloucester also faced problems during the civil war in the 17th century between the King and Parliament, as most of the South West supported the King, whereas Gloucester supported Parliament. The King sent armed forces into Gloucester but the city was held as the King’s men retracted on hearing that Parliament was sending its force to help defend Gloucester.
The religious changes during the Tudor period also seems to have greatly influenced Gloucester, as St. Mary de Lode was the first Christian Church in Britain, and the Bishop, John Hooper, who was only appointed in 1541 when the Abbey was changed to Gloucester Cathedral, was burned for heresy by Catholic Mary Tudor in 1551. This again signifies the importance of Gloucester in society
Gloucester is now the 53rd largest settlement in the United Kingdom based on population. The town flourished in the 10th century but suffered outbreaks of smallpox in the 18th century which greatly affected the population.
Notable Citizens of Gloucestershire
- Charles Wheatstone- inventor of the Stereoscope, and also involved in the invention of the Wheatstone bridge.
- Edwin Budding- Inventor of the Lawnmower
- Hubert Cecil Booth- Inventor of the Vacuum Cleaner
- Edward Jenner – doctor, the pioneer of smallpox vaccination and the father of immunology
- W.G.Grace – doctor and legendary England cricketer
- Mike Teague- England Rugby Player
- Tom Goddard – England Cricketer
- William Ernest Henley- Poet
- Simon Pegg – Actor, most famously in Hot Fuzz and Shaun of the Dead, comedian and writer.
You see? There is a lot more to Gloucester than you thought!